It's important to remember that amenorrhoea is a symptom, not a condition in itself. Seeking medical evaluation to determine the underlying cause is crucial for both physical and mental well-being.
Pregnancy: Amenorrhoea is a natural occurrence during pregnancy as menstruation ceases throughout gestation.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a common hormonal disorder & metabolic disorder that can lead to irregular or absent menstrual periods.
Stress and Emotional Factors: High levels of chronic stress, emotional trauma, or significant life changes can disrupt the hormonal balance and lead to amenorrhoea.
Excessive Exercise: Intense physical training or excessive exercise, particularly in athletes, can lead to amenorrhoea due to changes in hormonal levels.
Eating Disorders: Conditions like anorexia nervosa or bulimia can disrupt the hormonal balance, leading to amenorrhoea.
Thyroid Disorders: Conditions like hypothyroidism can affect menstrual cycles.
Pituitary Disorders: Conditions affecting the pituitary gland, such as a tumour, can disrupt hormonal regulation.
Absence of Menstruation: The primary symptom of amenorrhoea is the absence of menstrual periods for three or more consecutive cycles.
Changes in Weight: Rapid weight loss or gain can be associated with amenorrhoea.
Hair Changes: Some women may experience changes in body hair growth, particularly if hormonal imbalances are present.
Headaches: Hormonal disruptions can lead to headaches or migraines.
Changes in Libido: Some women may experience changes in sexual desire or satisfaction.
Mood Changes: Hormonal imbalances can lead to mood swings, irritability, or feelings of sadness.
Impact on Women's Mental Health:
Anxiety and Concern: Women experiencing amenorrhoea may feel anxious or concerned about the underlying cause and its potential impact on their overall health and fertility.
2. Body Image and Self-Esteem: Amenorrhoea, especially in cases related to weight changes or eating disorders, can significantly impact body image and self-esteem.